The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a small, landlocked sovereign country located in the Himalayas, lies in South Asia, bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China and to the South, East and West by the Republic of India. Famous for the world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest, and the birth place of Lord Buddha.
Nepal is one of the best destinations in the world for all those adventure seekers and for the exotic travelers. A visit to the Nepal is rewarding due to its vibrant culture, religion, diverse landscapes and the world famous snow-capped mountains. Nepal, a land of cultural heritage where we can feel the smell of diversity in unity. Here we are going to drop out the most famous wonders of Nepal, which shouldn’t be missed during the Nepal visit.
1 Sagarmatha National Park:
Sagarmatha National Park covers an area of 1200 sq. Km, all of which is above 300m. It was set up with assistance from the New Zeland Government in 1976. In 1979 Sagarmatha was declared a world heritage site in recognition of the cultural significance of the Sherpa people, its flora and fauna, and the presence of the world’s highest mountain. A unique landscapes and gorges of the Himalayas made this place more attractive. This park contains three of the tallest peaks in the world; Mount Everest, Mount Lhotse & Mount Cho Oyu. This park is also a protector of several wildlife such as Himalayan Black Bear, Wild Yak, Snow Leopard, Musk, Deer and exclusive Red Panda. About 118 bird species that include the national bird, the Impeyan Pheasant (Danphe), and species of butterfly can be found in the territory of Park. Due to all these features, this place is also marked as a one of the incredible natural wonders of the world.
2 Pashupatinath Temple:
Nepal has numerous pilgrimage sites, sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. To the Hindus, the most famous and most venerated is the temple of Lord Pashupatinath, situated on the banks of the holy river Bagmati in Kathmandu. It is among the most revered shrines for Hindus all over the world. The main temples, which stands in the middle of a courtyard, are two tiered, built upon a square plinth, and is 23.6 meters high. The four large gates of the temple are silver and gilt-plated and richly carved images of various Hindu gods and goddesses. The secret sanctum, or the main idol of “Mukhalingam”. Is one meter high and has faces carved in four directions. The original temple is said to have been built at the beginning of the Christian era. It is said to have undergone several reconstructions over the ages to what stands today. Pashupatinath is also known as famous funeral area’s (Ghats) of the Hindus, where you can catch the tragedy moments of people after the lost of their beloved ones.
There cannot be a more revered pilgrimage site for Buddhists than Lumbini, the birth place of Shakya Muni Buddha. Buddha, the prince of peace and non-violence, was born in Lumbini in 623 B.C. For centuries, pilgrims travelling from afar revered the spot in the Lumbini garden where Gautam Buddha was born, building stupas, monasteries and other types of monuments. The most notable and important is the stone pillar erected by Emperor Ashok Maurya in the 3rd century B.C., which authenticates the exact spot where Queen Maya Devi gave birth to the blessed one. As the birthplace of Lord Buddha, Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world’s greatest religions. It has remained a hallowed Buddhist pilgrimage spot since very early times. Lumbini has been designated as the “Fountain of World Peace and the Holiest Pilgrimage Center of Buddhists and peace-loving people of the world”. The site remains a place of pilgrimage for both Buddhists and Hindus alike from all over the world.
4 Kathmandu Durbar Square:
Kathmandu Durbar Square (Hanuman Dhoka) in Kathmandu is the most extensive of the three royal palace squares, not only in size but also in the scale of its open space and structures. It contains 60 important monuments, of which the majority date from the 17th and 18th centuries. King Mahendra Malla of the 16th century, Pratap Malla of the 17th century and Prithvi Narayan Shah of the 18th century added to the architectural splendor of this Durbar Square. Kathmandu Durbar Square contained several architectural monuments, including several famous old-age temples of Hindus. These temples are, Jagannath, Kotilingeswara Mahadev, Mahendreswar, and Taleju. Kumari Bahal, the residence of Living Goddess Kumari is also located in the territory of Durbar Square. The name of Kathmandu is derived from the Kasthamandap Temple (Kastha means wood & Mandap means Pavilion), another famous structure at the site which is built from the wood of one single Tshorea Robusta tree. Well, this square is famous in every aspect and attached to Nepalese life. Once again we would like to request for a visit in this glorious historical place of Nepal.
5 Patan Durbar Square:
If the Kathmandu Durbar Square has a unique combination of the Malla and Shah period architecture, Patan Durbar Square, on the other hand, reflects the singular Malla architecture. In comparison to the Kathmandu Durbar Square, it is smaller in size, but it comprises a number of unique architectural styles. Manga Hiti, the sunken stone water spouts, and the magnificent Krishna Temple, a Shikhar Style temple built of stone, are but a few examples of its opulence. More than 30 monuments, each a masterpiece, are clustered in a small area measuring roughly 16o by 70 meters. An additional 30 monuments are located in the immediate vicinity. Indeed, Patan Durbar Square is the most spectacular example of Nepalese architecture in an urban context. This square is often referred to as a ‘living museum’ thus making it one of the places to visit in Nepal.
6 Bhaktapur Durbar Square:
Among the three Durbar Square, the Bhaktapur Durbar Square is by far the most elegant with its large open space facing south. The Golden Gate and the Palace of 55 Carved Windows have added another dimension to this palace square which consists of buildings dating from the 13th century to the 18th century. Bhaktapur’s landmark is the world famous five-tiered Nyatapola, of the five- storeyed temple, built in 1702 on Taumadhi Square. Bhaktapur is a living museum of fine arts and architecture. The monuments and sculptures reflect centuries-old craftsmanship. Many temples and stone statues can be seen in this square, including the Batsala Devi. Some other popular monuments are Lion Gate, Golden gate and 55 Window Palace. A statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, on a column facing the palace, is regarded as the best carved statue in the square. Life goes on here as it has since ages ago, culture thrives, and that is why it makes Nepal one of the best vacation destinations for those wishing to experience life as it once used to be.
7 Swyambhunath Stupa:
On of the origin of Swayambhu Nath Stupa, popular legend narrates how the valley was once a huge lake- a lake of idyllic beauty surrounded by green pristine forests. This lake was known as Naag Hrad, or the Adobe of the Serpent God. In this lake, Bipasvi Buddha came to take a holy dip. He then cast some lotus seeds into the lake, which eventually bloomed into a thousand petal lotus over which appeared a brilliant, radiant flame, the beacon (Joyti) that self-originated, which is the Swayambhu Joyti-rupa (the beacon). Around the circular base- the garva (womb) – are installed the five celestial Buddhas with their respective female counterparts. In the vicinity are numerous monuments. These include the twin Shikhar style temples of Pratapur and Annatapur built by King Pratap Malla; Baspur, with the image of Goddess Basundhara, the best tower of prosperity; Vayupur, the god of wind; and the artistic golden temple of the Goddess Ajima of Harati, the protector of children.
8 Baudhanath Stupa:
The Great Stupa of Baudhanath is the principal center of Tibetan Buddhist worship in the Kathmandu Valley. It has long been a major destination for pilgrims from the Himalayas, Tibet and Southeast and east Asia. It is one of the largest and most magnificent Buddhist monuments in the world. Lichchhavie King MandevaI is credited to have built this great stupa.
9 Chitwan National Park:
Chitwan national park is widely famous for wildlife safari due to its easy access to the place. Chitawan National park is still famous for one horn Rhino. The Chitwan National Park offers one of the finest wildlife experiences in Asia with its lush forest and exotic fauna which include one Horned Rhino, Royal Bengal Tiger, Crocodiles, Elephant and 400 species of Birds and many other reptiles. The Park covers 932 square km and established in 1973 and known as the oldest National Park in Nepal. The Park was listed in the world heritage site in 1984.
10 Pokhara Valley:
Pokhara Valley, a perfect combination of tranquility and beauty, which lies 200 Km south of capital city Kathmandu is located between the Great Himalayan and Mahabharata Ranges in the western Devlopment Region of Nepal. Pokhara region is the most attractive tourism destination for general interest as well as special interest tourists. It is admired by different types of visitors like holiday spenders, honeymooners, adventure lovers, pilgrims and many more. It is the only place in the world from where we can taste the magnificent view of snow capped massive mountains of above 8000 meter elevation while sitting below 1000 meters above sea level. Out of the 14 highest mountain peaks of the world, elevating higher than 8000 meters, three of them Annapurna, Dhaulagiri and Manaslu can be seen from Pokhara. It is an enchanting city nestled in a tranquil valley which is also gateway to the world of adventure like trekking, mountaineering and many more adventurous activities. Most of the trekking trails in Annapurna Region being and end with this beautiful valley. Some of the attractions of the valley are the Seti River Gorge, Devi Falls, Sarangkot, Phewa Lake, International Mountain Museum, Fine Art Gallery, Regional Museum, Karma Dubgyu Choling Nyeshang Monastery, Mahendra Caves and Bindya Basini Temple. Words are not enough to describe the beauty of Pokhara…!