Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is an amazing sovereign landlocked country, sandwiched between the two giant nations of India and China. Although small and poor in size and economy, but Nepal is rich in terms of culture, religion, ethnic communities and diverse natural resources. The diverse culture, religion and ethnicity, although make it prone to cultural wars, there is unity in diversity in Nepal. Nepal is also rich in terms of natural, cultural and religious heritages and is the land of some of the prominent and bravest people of the world. This proud land of Gurkhas not only gave birth to the brave and courageous people, but to the calm and peaceful Buddha. The color and the signs in the Nepali Flag signify the two distinct natures of Nepali people that are: courageous and peaceful. This land of myths and legends is rich in terms of cultural and religious celebrations where people from different cultural and religious background celebrate various festivals almost all year round. Nepal offers many aspects and subjects for studies and is also a land of the experiment. It is a paradise for the social scientists, adventure seekers and for all those travelers with its rich social, religious, cultural and the natural assets.
Some facts about Nepal that one needs to know are listed below:
1. Nepal is the land of the world’s highest mountain- Mount Everest (8848m).
2. Nepal’s local name for Mt. Everest is Sagarmatha, or “goddess of the sky.”
3. The flag of Nepalis the only national flag that is not quadrilateral in shape.
4. Eight of the world’s highest peaks can be found in Nepal.
5. Nepal has the world’s deepest river gorge – Kali Gandaki River’s Gorge.
6. Birthplace of Gautam Buddha is in Nepal – Lumbini.
7. The Nepali flag is the only non-rectangular flag in the world.
8. Nepal is the best place in the world to study the Tibetan Buddha.
9. Kathmandu was once known as Kantipur, which means the “City of Glory.”
10. The idols and the temples in the capital city Kathmandu is more or less equal to the men and houses in it.
11. The Hotel Everest View is claimed to be the highest hotel in the world at an altitude of 3870m.
12. Nepal is recognized as ‘Living Cultural Museum’.
13. It has also been called ‘Shangri-La’.
14. It is also known as ‘Roof of the World’.
15. It is known as ‘The Birth place of Lord Buddha the apostle of Peace’.
16. Nepal is a ‘Country of Living Goddess’.
17. City of Golden Pagodas and Parasols.
18. It is the ‘Land of Mysticism and Exoticism’.
19. Nepal is the ‘Land of Festivals’.
20. Touching anything with your feet is considered offensive in Nepal.
21. Greetings in Nepal– people put their palms together and then bow their forehead, saying “Namaste,” which directly translates to “I salute the God in you.”
21. There is a famous street in Kathmandu named Freak Street, where hippies lived in the 1960s and 1970s.
22. The abominable snowman, also known as the yeti, is a legendary apelike creature that is believed to frequent the high valleys of Nepal.
23. Sherpas, an ethnic group from the eastern mountainous part of Nepal, are usually employed as porters for mountain expeditions because, on account of their genetics and upbringing, they do not suffer the effect of altitude as adversely as other people do.