Sagarmatha i.e. Mount Everest is the highest mountain on the Earth. Its current height is 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level. Mount Everest is also called Chomolangma, meaning “Goddess Mother of Snows” in Tibetan and Sagarmatha, meaning “Mother of the Universe” in Nepalese. The mountain is sacred to the native people. It is located on the border of Nepal and Tibet. In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society upon a recommendation by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India. Sir Edmund Hillary (New Zealand) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) was the first person who climbs the Mt. Everest on May 29, 1953.
Mount Everest attracts highly experienced climbers and mountaineers from around the globe. Mountaineers could start their journey from two places, the first one from the southeast in Nepal (known as the standard route) and the other from the north in Tibet. Climbing Everest from the standard trail will be more adventure than from Tibet. Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness, weather, wind as well as significant objective hazards from avalanches and the Khumbhu Ice fall. While the overwhelming majority of climbers will use bottled oxygen in order to reach the top, some climbers have submitted Everest without supplemental oxygen.
In every year around 3000 to 5100 people attempt to climb Sagarmatha. Normally mountaineers prefer southeast base camp than north base camp while climbing Mt. Everest. Starting from South Base Camp is Easier and adventurous than North Base Camp, because climbing from North create legal hindrances to climbers. The permit to enter the Everest area from the south via Nepal costs US$10, 000 to US$25, 000 per person, depending on the size of the team. Climbing Mount Everest can be a relatively expensive undertaking for climbers. Climbing gear required to reach the summit may cost in excess of US$8, 000, and most climbers also use bottled oxygen, which adds around US$3, 000. The cost of a guide service may range from $40,000 to $80,000 per person.
The increased climber and tourist traffic on Mount Everest has led to an increase in litter and waste being left behind. It is estimated that, there was an estimated 120 tons of litter on the mountain, mostly oxygen tanks, tents, and other equipment. Human waste is also an issue, with almost 900 pounds (about 400 kg) of human waste having been collected off of Mount Everest between 2008 and 2011.
Our responsibility is to remove waste from the Mt. Everest. Nepalese government announced to provide a discount on royalty to those climbers who could bring garbage from Sagarmatha.
Fact Related to Mount Everest
• The first woman to climb Mount Everest was Junko Tabei, who reached the summit in 1975.
• The first officially recorded summit was accomplished by Sir Edmund Percival Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa from Nepal, on 29 May 1953.
• Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler were the first to climb Mount Everest without supplemental oxygen, which they did in 1978.
• In 1980, Messner was also the first solo climber to reach the summit.
• Min Bahadur Sherchan, 25 May 2008: the oldest person to summit the mountain as of 2011. He was 76 when he reached the top.
• Jordan Romero, 25 May 2010: the youngest person to summit the mountain as of 2011. He was 13 when he reached the top.
• Erik Weihenmayer, 25 May 2001: The first blind climber to summit Mount Everest.
• Tamae Watanabe, 19 May 2012: The oldest woman to reach the top. She was 73 years old.
• Apa Sherpa 10 May 1990 – 11 May 2011: the person who has made the most summits as of 2011. Sherpa climbed Everest 21 times between 1990 and 2011.
• Mona Mulepati and Pem Dorje Sherpa, 30 May 2005: the first couple to get married on top of Mt. Everest.