Tihar is the five days celebration in Yama Panchak. Tihar is the most celebrated festival after Dashain in Nepal. It is a five-day festival celebrated in late autumn. It has its unique ways of celebration. Tihar is also regarded as a festival of Lights.
There are different stories about the festival of Tihar. One of the popular stories behind the festival of Tihar is identified with Yama the lord of death and his sister Yamuna. Yama had been staying far from his sister for quite a while. His sister needed to reach him so she asked different sources to visit him and request that he provide for her a visit. She sent crow, puppy, and bovine and toward the end she went herself to see her sibling. She venerated him with tika and blossoms, she put him five colored tika. Yamuna made a ring with mustard oil, Dubo Grass (Cynodon Dactylon) and put Makhmali Mala (Globe Amaranth) and asked Yamaraj not to go till the oil, Dubo Grass and the bloom gets dry. In this manner, each sister venerates her sibling keeping him in the loop of mustard oil, putting mala (Garland) of Makhmali bloom and Dubo grass.
First Day -Kaag Tihar (Crow Tihar):
On the first day of Tihar, crows are worshiped and bolstered at a young hour in the morning. Individuals leave distinctive nourishment things outside for crows to consume. Crow is thought to be the emissary of death. Individuals accept the crow gets the messages to the house in the morning. Individuals venerate it to bring good fortunes themselves.
Second Day -Kukur Tihar (Dog Tihar):
The second day of tihar is devoted to the most faithful companion of humankind. Kukur, the puppy, Puja is carried out by putting a red tika on pooch’s temple and blossom wreath around the neck offering him nourishments and sel roti. For the most part male mutts are worshiped. It is said puppy can see jeopardizes and the passing advancing.
Third Day- Gair (Cow) Puja & Laxmi Puja:
On the third day of tihar Cows are revered in the morning. Cows are adored with sesame oil light, festoon of bloom and red color (abir). Wheat flour, sel roti, rice and daal are food to cows. Followers attempt to pass in the middle of four legs of the cow. Cow is viewed as mother in Hindu religion, as we grow up drinking her drain. Some look bovine as Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of riches and success.
Toward the evening we clean our homes, paint floors with Red Mud (Rato Mato) and bovine compost (gobar). Little ring Gai Tiharare made before the fundamental entryway and brightened with vivid plans. Some individuals call it rangoli.
Little outlines of strides are painted from the fundamental passage to the puja kotha. These strides are accepted to be the strides of goddess Lakshmi. Candles or pala are lit everywhere throughout the house making it splendid and delightful.
There is a long custom of going housed at night singing tunes to request cash and sustenances. For the most part young ladies and children go out to neighbors sing conventional tunes called Bhailo melodies. The custom is called “Bhailo” and melodies are called Bhailini tunes.
The melody begins with “Bhailini aain agana gunyo cholo magna, hey ausi ko noise gai tiharo bhailo”. Badali kudali rakheko, laxmi pooja gareko, hey ajako dina gaitiharo bhailo… ” Meaning Bahilini are at your way to request a gunyo cholo (Nepali customary dress), today is no moon day and Cow pooja and Bhailo day, the house is clean and you have done Lakshmi puja, today is bovine pooja day and Bhailo”
Sparklers are blown in this day. Individuals play cards in Laxmi puja to welcome goddess Laxmi in the night. Individuals accept, laxmi goes to the house which is clean and brilliant.
At night the goddess of riches Lakshmi is worshiped by lighting various lights and lightening works. It is accepted that by worshiping Laxmi and satisfying her in exchange she provides for us riches. Individuals venerate riches and sustenance store this day.
Fourth day – Goru Tihar (Govardhan parbat ko puja) and Mah (aatma or self) Puja:
On Govardhan puja Goru Tihar, three various types of puja are performed. We perform Goru Puja, or adore Oxen. We likewise perform Govardhan Puja, which is carried out by making a slope of govardhan parbat utilizing Cow compost. Bovine excrement has enormous essentials in Hindu society. In the past times it was utilized for everything from light around evening time (Methane) to clean mud carpets of conventional houses. Still now no Puja is finished without cow excrement in Nepali Hindu society.
In this night Newar group perform Maha Puja otherwise called self-puja. It is carried out to purge our body. In this puja a Mandap embellished with Saipatri (marigold bloom), desserts and products of the soil extraordinary Mala (wreath) which is made of string is kept. Every part of the family has one Mandap. A female part of the family offers the individual sitting on the Mandap a Sagun with her hands crossed. Shagun typically comprise of seared eggs, apples and oranges, desserts, meat, fish, lentil and baked goods. In the left hand with egg and fish and in the right hand Rakshi (natively constructed liquor). This day is likewise the start of Nepal Sambat, Newari New year.
At night numerous Nepali kids and young people go house to house singing Deusi tune (Aahai bhana mera bhai ho deusi re bhana na bhana deusere). Deusi is very much alike to Bhailo. Bhailo is basically for female and Deusi for male. Be that as it may, now a days there is such refinement. Individuals run in gathering with guys and females parts to commend Bhailo and deusi both.
Fifth Day- Bhai Tika
The fifth and a day ago of Tihar is Bhai Tika. This day sisters put “Tika of five shades” Paanch Rangi Tika – Yellow, green, red, blue and white on temple of her siblings, to guarantee long life and implore Yamraja for her sibling’s long life and thriving. Sister offers siblings Shaguns of dry foods grown from the ground particularly walnut, hazelnut (Katus), products of the soil and as an exchange the siblings give their sisters blessings and cash. The siblings additionally put Pancha Rangi Tika to sister and bow her on her feet and guarantee her to ensure her till the end of life.
On this day, Rani Pokhari Temple (spotted at focal Kathmandu) is opened for the individuals who don’t have any sibling or sister. This is the main time in a year the sanctuary is interested all in all open.
Story and legends behind Bhai Tika:
A legend has it that while performing ‘sibling love’ the ambassador of Yama Raj came to gather the spirit of the man experiencing ‘sibling love’, as the lifetime of the man has lapsed in the human world. Nonetheless, a sister performing ‘sibling love’ has asked for the courier to hold up until she finishes the ‘sibling love’.
The brilliant sister welcomed the dispatcher to sit alongside the sibling and get the honor of ‘sibling love’. The sister did ‘sibling love’ so well to the dispatcher that he got to be exceptionally satisfied with her and asked her anything she wished to have as a blessing. The shrewd sister approached the envoy for a long life of her sibling. In this way, she spared the life of her sibling.
An alternate anecdote about how the ‘sibling love’ has begun is that Yama Raj has five days off, as Lord Vishnu gave the aid of decision the three planets for five days to Bali Raja. Master Vishnu has deceived Bali Raja to go to a friendless dull world for his commendable demonstration that has shacked the superb kingdom of Lord Indra. Along these lines, Lord Vishnu has allowed him to run every one of the three Hindu planets for five days notwithstanding conceding to guarding Bali Raja for four months. Yamaraj’s reality is one of the three planets. Thus, he went to visit his sister, as he has not gone by her for quite a while.
Seeing her sibling, Yama Raj, sister Yamuna got to be so glad, she didn’t know how to welcome the sibling who has gone to after such quite a while. In this way, she did each conceivable thing to keep her sibling Yama Raj content for five days. On the most recent day, before retreating to his reality, Yama Raj made the presentation of a novel blessing to his sister as an exchange for her neighborliness. We accept that she has set the custom of ‘sibling love.’
Along these lines, we call the five days of “Tihar” as ‘Yama Pancak’ implies the five days of Yama Raj. On these five days we do everything workable for keeping Yama Raj upbeat, as Yama Raj is going to judge our indecencies and ideals after our passing, and treats our souls in like manner.